Vedic Cosmology: Integrating God and Physics

In 2012, CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, called for a debate between scientists, philosophers and theologians to find common ground between science and religion over how the universe began. Even though the explanations found in the texts of the world’s spiritual traditions are admittedly not exhaustive in the details referring to the origin of the universe, they do outline key concepts thereof which are important to the development of the philosophy for spiritual development that they present. The Vedic cosmology of ancient India is incredibly rich and has many points of tangency with modern cosmology, which may help in the construction of that common ground between science and religion that CERN is looking for.

One of the strongest points of tension that often comes up in cosmology between science and religion is the age of the universe. Some interpretations of the Bible calculate it to be about 6,000 years old, while the most recent calculation according to the Lambda-CDM concordance model is 13.8 billion years. The Vedic literatures see the manifestation and eventual destruction of the universe, like most events in nature, as a periodic occurrence and give it in trillions of years. In fact, they talk about an expansion of the universe after its inception and an eventual contraction at the end of its lifespan, in line with modern cosmology’s concepts of inflation and/or dark energy. Ideas regarding a cyclic behavior of the universe have also been proposed by prominent physicists like Sir Roger Penrose and Paul Steinhardt. Vedic cosmology also states that within the lifespan of the universe, there are periodic partial devastations of the universe. The time elapsed since the last one is on the order of billions of years, which roughly corresponds to the age of the universe calculated by cosmologists. In between the partial devastations, there are time periods called ages. The current age we live in, the Age of Kali, began about 5,000 years ago, which is roughly in line with (or equivalent to) the Bible’s estimates of the age of the universe. We can thus begin to see the potentiality of Vedic cosmology in creating a bridge between science and religion: The apparent contradiction regarding the age of the universe can be regarded as simply calculations of different important periods in the history of the universe.

Another big point of discussion is the process of creation itself. The process described in the Bible, despite being in a sequential order of increasing complexity, seems to involve spontaneous creation, by God’s will, of objects and beings. That spontaneous creation would be in opposition to the gradual and piecewise development of suns, planets and life described by astrophysics and evolutionary biology. The Vedic literatures also involve spontaneous creation of complex forms, but it includes an interesting gradual development of basic elements with which the complex forms are later created. These basic elements are said to manifest themselves one from the other in a succession going from the subtlest (pradhana) to the grossest (earth/structure).

Within the Vedic view, as in the unification theories of particle physics, there is an undifferentiated form of material energy (or field, in modern jargon), called pradhana, that is the source of all other forms of energy. It is interesting to note that one of the intermediate elements in the succession is material space, viewed not as a background on which everything happens but as an active substance that can be manipulated and from which grosser elements are derived. This is in line with general relativity, where space is seen as an agent that can be deformed by the presence of mass-energy. Likewise, physicists like John Wheeler, and more recently Christopher Isham, have attempted, in the theory of geometrodynamics, to define all matter in terms of perturbations in the fabric of space.

Thus, even though spontaneous creation of complex forms is still an issue of discussion, there is a very fertile ground for research of the basic component elements with which they are created and the successive manifestation of these elements. Not only that, but according to the Vedas, our universe (which is one of an infinite number of material universes within the vaster expanse of the spiritual worlds) is encapsulated by concentric regions made up of successive material elements that isolate us from the other universes. This concept of multiple universes and possible tests to infer their existence have been studied and classified by several physicists like Max Tegmark and Brian Greene.

Regarding the discussion on spontaneous complex forms, one may begin to explore it seeing the gradual creation of basic elements as a painter preparing his canvas and paints, and the spontaneous creation of complex forms as the elaborate painting itself coming into being, not gradually like the paints and canvas but directly from the painter’s design.

From the conclusions of the CERN meeting in 2012, there is much work to be done translating between the languages of science and religion. As we have briefly seen, the Vedic literatures offer amazing avenues for research in science and a broader understanding in religion. Further studies into the matter using the Vedic view may prove fruitful not only in the attenuation of the conflict between the two fields of knowledge but in the development of a scientific understanding of the process of self-realization (in other words, finding out who we really are), which is the ultimate aim of both.

Master Piece

 Bahusaa Vo chanchalaa … Egire ra anchelaa
          Tagile Le manchula…  choopulo choopugaa
ayina kaavachule.. okatai povachulee
            ilapai akasame.. ikapai vaalachule
      ye dooramayina cheruvai…
 Kanupaapallo nidurinchi ..  kaladaatindhi tolipremaa
         Toli choopullo chigurinchi.. manasimmandhi mana premaa
Kalagannanu… kavinainaanu.. ninu choosi
         ninu choosaake nijamayinaanu terateesi…
Bahusaa ye aamani… pilichindhaa rammani
         Okatai the kammani.. pallave paataga..
 kalalai rege anuraagam.. adingindhemo odichaatu
           epudoo edho anubandham.. telisindhemo okamaatu
Madhumaasaale manakosaalai ..ituraani
         Mana praanale shatahmaanalai .. jathakaani
Toliga choosanule.. cheliga maaranule..
            kalale kannanule.. kalise unnanule..
 
Na neevulone Nenugaaaa…. 

 

Chrome Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts (courtesy: Google Chrome)

 

Keyboard shortcuts are combinations of keyboard strokes and clicks that you can use to perform specific actions. Knowing some of the shortcuts listed below can help save you time.

You can also press Ctrl+Alt+? whenever you’re signed in on your Chrome device to see a map of these shortcuts directly on the screen.

  Tabs and windows | Page shortcuts | Browser settings | Text editing 

Tabs and windows

Ctrl+N Open a new window
Ctrl+Shift+N Open a new window in incognito mode
Ctrl+T Open a new tab
Ctrl+O Open a file in the browser
Ctrl+Shift+Q Sign out of your Google Account on Chrome OS
Ctrl+W Close the current tab
Ctrl+Shift+W Close the current window
Ctrl+Shift+T Reopen the last tab you’ve closed. Google Chrome remembers the last 10 tabs you’ve closed.
Ctrl+1 through Ctrl+8 Go to the tab at the specified position in the window
Ctrl+9 Go to the last tab in the window
Alt+1 through Alt+8 Go to the window at the specified position
Alt+9 Go to the last window open
Ctrl+Tab Go to the next tab in the window
Ctrl+Shift+Tab Go to the previous tab in the window
Alt+Tab Go to the next window you have open
Alt+Shift+Tab Go to the previous window you have open
Click and hold the Back or Forward arrow in the browser toolbar See your browsing history for the tab
Backspace, or press Alt and the left arrow Go to previous page in your browsing history.
Shift+Backspace, or press Alt and the right arrow Go to the next page in your browsing history.
Press Ctrl and click a link Open the link in a new tab in the background
Press Ctrl+Shift and click a link Open the link in a new tab and switch to the newly opened tab
Press Shift and click a link Open the link in a new window
Drag a link to a tab Open the link in the tab
Drag a link to a blank area on the tab strip Open the link in a new tab
Type a URL in the address bar, then pressAlt+Enter Open the URL in a new tab
Press Esc while dragging a tab Return the tab to its original position
Ctrl+Shift+L Locks your screen

Page shortcuts

Press Alt and up arrow Page up
Press Alt and down arrow Page down
Space bar Scroll down the web page
Press Ctrl+Alt and up arrow Home
Press Ctrl+Alt and down arrow End
Ctrl+P Print your current page
Ctrl+S Save your current page
Ctrl+R Reload your current page
Ctrl+Shift+R Reload your current page without using cached content
Ctrl and + Zoom in on the page
Ctrl and  Zoom out on the page
Ctrl+0 Reset zoom level
Esc Stop the loading of your current page
Press Alt and click a link Open the link in a new tab in the background
Ctrl+D Save your current webpage as a bookmark
Ctrl+Shift+D Save all open pages in your current window as bookmarks in a new folder
Drag a link to bookmarks bar Save the link as a bookmark
Ctrl+F Open the find bar to search your current page
Ctrl+G or Enter Go to the next match for your input in the find bar
Ctrl+Shift+G orShift+Enter Go to the previous match for your input in the find bar
Ctrl+K or Ctrl+E Perform a search. Type a search term after the question mark in the address bar and press Enter.
Ctrl+Enter Add www. and .com to your input in the address bar and open the resulting URL
Ctrlwindow switcher key Take a screenshot of your current page
CtrlShiftwindow switcher key Take a partial screenshot
Ctrl+U View page source
Ctrl+Shift+I Toggle the display of the Developer Tools panel
Ctrl+Shift+J Toggle the display of the DOM Inspector

Browser settings

Ctrl+Shift+B Toggle the display of the bookmarks bar. Bookmarks appear on the New Tab page if the bar is hidden.
Alt+Shift+M Open the Files app
Ctrl+. Display hidden files in the Files app
Ctrl+H Open the History page
Ctrl+J Open the Downloads page
Shift+Esc Open the Task Manager
Ctrl+Alt+/ Open the list of available keyboard shortcuts
Ctrl+? Go to the Help Center
Ctrl+maximize key Configure monitor display
Shift+Alt+S Opens the status area in the bottom-right corner of the screen.
Shift+Alt+L Place focus on the launcher

  • Press Tab or the right arrow to focus on the next item in the toolbar
  • Press Shift+Tab or the left arrow to focus on the previous item in the toolbar
  • Press Space or Enter to activate buttons, including page actions and browser actions
  • Press Shift + increase volume key to open the context menu for the button (if available).
  • Press Esc to return focus to the page
Ctrl + back button orCtrl + forward button Pressing Ctrl and either the back or forward keys switches focus to the next keyboard-accessible pane. Panes include:

  • Status area containing the time, network icon, and battery icon in the bottom-right corner of the screen
  • Launcher
  • Address bar
  • Bookmarks bar (if visible)
  • The main web content (including any infobars)
  • Downloads bar (if visible)
Alt+Shift+B Place focus on the bookmarks bar. Use the actions listed for Shift+Alt+T to move the focus.
Alt+E or Alt+F Open the Chrome menu on the browser toolbar
Shift+Search+Volume Up Open right-click menus for focused items.
Ctrl+Alt+Z Enable or disable accessibility features if you’re not signed in with a Google Account. If you’re signed in, you can configure the accessibility feature on the Settings page.

Text editing

Ctrl+A Select everything on the page
Ctrl+L or Alt+D Select the content in the address bar
Press Ctrl+Shift and right arrow Select next word or letter
Press Ctrl+Shift and left arrow Select previous word or letter
Press Ctrl and right arrow Move to the end of the next word
Press Ctrl and left arrow Move to the start of the previous word
Press Alt and up arrow Page up
Press Alt and down arrow Page down
Press Ctrl+Alt and up arrow Home
Press Ctrl+Alt and down arrow End
Ctrl+C Copy selected content to the clipboard
Ctrl+V Paste content from the clipboard
Ctrl+Shift+V Paste content from the clipboard as plain text
Ctrl+X Cut
Ctrl+Backspace Delete the previous word
Alt+Backspace Delete the next letter (forward delete)
Ctrl+Z Undo your last action